National American Indian Heritage Month

Written by Rochelle Krueger, Curriculum Librarian

The first American Indian Day was celebrated in May 1916 in New York. Red Fox James, a Blackfeet Indian, rode horseback from state to state to get endorsements from 24 state governments to have a day to honor American Indians. In 1990, President George H.W. Bush signed a joint congressional resolution designating November 1990 as “National American Indian Heritage Month.” Presently, several states have designated Columbus Day as Native American Day, but it continues to be a day we observe without any recognition as a national legal holiday.

Some interesting facts:

There are 567 federally recognized Indian tribes.
Source:    Bureau of Indian Affairs, 2016

Families:
There were 1,792,840 American Indian and Alaska Native households in 2015 (households with a householder who was American Indian and Alaska Native alone or in combination with another race). Of these, 38.1 percent were married-couple families, including those with children.
Source:  2015 American Community Survey

Education:
82.7% of the American Indian and Alaska Native population, alone or in combination, age 25 and older that had at least a high school diploma, GED certificate or alternative credential in 2014.

14.1% of single-race American Indians and Alaska Natives age 25 and older had a bachelor’s, graduate or professional degree in 2015.|
Source:     2015 American Community Survey

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